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MEMORY

Types of Memory Use

Recall:
The ability to capture and bring forth ideas (without cues) that you have been previously exposed to.

Recognition:
The ability to capture and bring forth ideas (with cues) to which you have previously exposed.

Memory Systems

Short-term memory:
Limited information (4±1) held for a matter of seconds

Working memory:
Limited information (7±2) manipulated/chunked for a matter of minutes

Long-term memory:
Unlimited information available for recall indefinitely, subject to decay

Memorization Strategies
1. Rehearsal & Chunking
2. Association Making
3. Mnemonics
4. Systematic Mnemonic Devices
Practice rehearsing & chunking the information you need to memorize:

Rehearsal: The act of recitation may have the single greatest impact of solidifying memory components because it refreshes connections we make due to the amount of exposure to the material
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Chunking: Organizing information in small "chunks" for better long-term storage and recall
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Practice making connections between information to be memorized with other ideas:

Value: associating the importance of the information to our lives (i.e., good/bad words)
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Purpose: associating the information with a clear purpose or motivation to remember it
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Relationship: associating the information with memories or experience with it
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Random: associating information to random, outrageous, sensory, & novel images/phrases or ideas
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Practice associating information with related words, phrases, or images:

Visual: connection to images whose names sound like the information to be memorized
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Verbal: connection to words whose names sound like the information to be memorized
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Connective: connection to words whose meaning is similar to the information to be memorized
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Practice associating information to be memorized with systems that are chronological or sequenced:

Peg Systems: associating information with pre-defined, numbered lists of words
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Loci Systems: associating information with images from a familiar location arranged in chronological sequence
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Storytelling: associating information with different plot elements from a familiar story
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Matching/Pairing: associating information with its real-world components in an intentional sequence
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